Biografie Ousmane Sembène

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Ousmane Sembène, often credited in the French style as Sembène Ousmane in articles and reference works, was a Senegalese film director, producer and writer. The Los Angeles Times considered him one of the greatest authors of Africa and has often been called the "father of African film". Descended from a Serer family through his mother from the line of Matar Sène, Ousmane Sembène was particularly drawn to Serer religious festivals especially the Tuur festival.

The son of a fisherman, Ousmane Sembène was born in Ziguinchor in Casamance to a Lebou family. From childhood Sembène was exposed to Serer religion especially the Tuur festival, in which he was made cult servant. Although the Tuur demands offerings of curdled milk to the ancestral spirits (Pangool), Sembène did not take his responsibility as cult servant seriously and was known for drinking the offerings made to the ancestors.

Some of his adult work draws on Serer themes. His maternal grandmother reared him and greatly influenced him. Women play a major role in his works. Sembène`s knowledge of French and basic Arabic besides Wolof, his mother tongue followed his attendance at a Madrasa, as was common for many Islamic boys, and a French school until 1936, when he clashed with the principal. He worked with his father — he was prone to seasickness — until 1938, then he moved to Dakar, where he worked a variety of manual labour jobs.

In 1944, Sembène was drafted into the Senegalese Tirailleurs (a corps of the French Army). His later World War II service was with the Free French Forces. After the war, he returned to his home country and in 1947 participated in a long railroad strike on which he later based his seminal novel God`s Bits of Wood. Late in 1947, he stowed away to France, where he worked at a Citroën factory in Paris and then on the docks at Marseille, becoming active in the French trade union movement. He joined the communist-led CGT and the Communist party, helping lead a strike to hinder the shipment of weapons for the French colonial war in Vietnam. During this time, he discovered the Harlem Renaissance writer Claude McKay and the Haitian Marxist writer Jacques Roumain. (Wiki)

(long cv: Africultures)


Filmografie (Auswahl) zu Ousmane Sembène


MOOLAADÉ
2004
Regie, Drehbuch, Produzent

FAAT KINÉ
2001
Regie, Drehbuch

GUELWAAR
1992
Regie, Drehbuch, Produzent

CAMP DE THIAROYE
1989
Regie

CEDDO
1976
Regie, Drehbuch, Darsteller

EMITAÏ
1971
Regie

MANDABI
1968
Regie, Drehbuch

LA NOIR DE ...
1966
Regie, Drehbuch

LA NOIRE DE…
1966
Regie

BOROM SARRET (LE CHARRETIER)
1963
Regie, Drehbuch